The Taino world of 1492 was a thriving place. The Taino islands
supported large populations that had existed in an environment of
Carib-Taino conflict for, according to archeological evidence, one
and a half millennia, although the earliest human fossil in the
region is dated at 15,000 years. Tainos and Caribs may have visited
violence upon one another, and there is little doubt they did not

like each other, but there is little evidence to support any thesis
that genocidal warfare existed in this world. A Carib war party
arrived and attacked, was successful or repulsed, and the Tainos,
from all accounts, returned to what they were doing before the
attack. These attacks were not followed up by a sustained campaign of
attrition. The Taino existence was not threatened, from these
accounts, more than a modern American's existence is threatened by
street crime. (Tabio y Rey 1985)

Bohio was the Taino name for Espaņiola, now Santo Domingo/Haiti. It
means "home" in Taino, was in fact home to two main confederated
peoples: the Taino, as predominant group, with three cacicasgos, and
the Macorixes, with two cacicasgos. There was also one small
cacicasgo of Ciqueyo Indians on the island when Columbus arrived. The
three main Taino caciques were named Bohequio of Jaragua; Guacanagari
of Marien, and Guarionex of La Vega. The two Macorix caciques were
Caonabo, of Maguana, at the center of the island and his ally,
Coyacoa of Higuey. Mayabanex, also a good friend of Caonabo, was
cacique of the Ciguayo country. The three Taino caciques were
relatives and allies and had good relations. The Taino of Jaragua had
a particularly good agriculture, with efficient irrigation systems
that regularly watered thousands of acres of all manner of tubers,
vegetables and grains. The Macorixes and Ciguayos were strong
warriors, known for a fierce dexterity at archery. They balanced the
scale with the peaceful Tainos, who often fed them, and for whom in
turn the Macorixes and Ciguayos fought against the more southern
Carib. Caonabo, a Marorixe cacique was married to Anacaona, a Taino
and sister of Behechio.

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